The first major category of edge banding: wooden edge banding
The wood edge banding is made of wood, such as natural birch, oak, maple, eucalyptus, cherry wood, etc. Wood grain edge strips should have a good simulation effect depending on the quality of the ink.
The wooden edge banding is mainly suitable for the paste and decoration of the edge of the solid wood furniture board. It can only be done by hand sticking in operation. The glue to which the wood edge banding is applied is a water-soluble glue or a strong glue. When the paste is flat, the edge is flat, and there is no specific requirement at ambient temperature.
Since wood is a hygroscopic material, its moisture content will be affected by external temperature and humidity. Therefore, the choice of cement should be based on seasonal changes and moisture diffusion and penetration requirements. Only by mastering the choice of the type of glue can the edge band and the plate pass through the penetration of the wood fiber to form a good "rivet fixing effect" of the glue. In addition, furniture decorated with wooden edge strips must be painted with a surface paint.
The second largest category of edge banding: PVC edge banding
PVC edge banding made of polypropylene or polyvinyl chloride, mechanically pressed wood grain, transparent, plain, two-color series of plastic edge banding
PVC edge banding is mainly suitable for edge sealing of micro-plates, MDF, blockboard and plywood, and solid wood edge sealing is also possible. It can be done by hand-paste and mechanical-paste when it is practical, but it is mainly based on mechanical paste, which can improve work efficiency. The glue to which the PVC edge banding is applied is a universal glue, a hot melt adhesive, and a white latex, but a hot melt adhesive is preferred.
In the pasting, the PVC edge banding is firmly adhered to the surface of the wooden board by mechanical interlocking, physical attraction and chemical bonding. Therefore, the flatness of the edge of the substrate is required to be high when the paste is applied, and the general tolerance is not more than 0.1 mm. The ambient temperature for temperature and paste work should be 18 °C. The curing time of hot melt adhesive is generally 30 minutes, but the choice of low temperature adhesive or high temperature adhesive is determined according to the thickness of the edge strip.
The third largest category of edge banding: melamine edge banding
The melamine edge banding is made of high-quality colored base paper, and various artistic patterns (or pure colors) such as wood grain, flower, leather grain and marble grain are printed, and then the cured paper edge banding is impregnated with modified melamine grease.
The scope of application of melamine edge banding is basically similar to that of PVC edge banding. However, it is best to seal the fireproof board.
Hand-operated and mechanical edge-sealing in operation; the requirements for hot-melt adhesive, universal adhesive, white latex and other adhesives are not high; use flat and roll-on stickers to choose any glue in the market; use hot melt adhesive as glue The mixture is controlled at a temperature of 120 ° C to 160 ° C, a pressure of 4-6/2, a curing time of 20 to 50 seconds, and an ambient temperature of 15 ° C during indoor bonding.
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